The effect of climate change has been noticed since the early the early nineties when the call was “SAVE THE PLANET EARTH” By 1991, the United Nations Environment Programme was established and people all over the world gathered at Rio –De Jainero in 1992 August to discuss the need to begin to change our attitude which fuel energy increase and global warming that could case melting of the ice that surrounds the poles. We were all mandated to go and plant more trees, use less hydrocarbon materials and fossil fuel, while turning to “RENEWABLE ENERGY “.
Almost quarter of a century after that call, the manifestations of the climate change is here with us as rains are not falling as planned, temperatures have increased, and all other concomitant effects are being felt all over the world. As we celebrate the Year 2016 World Environment Day, we hereby remind ourselves about what we should learn to do so as to continue to save the Planet earth from total collapse. The following scientific information was predicted and is now occurring:
Increase in Temperature: when temperatures exceed the normal level for biological processes, crops often respond negatively with a steep drop in growth and yield. Climatic variations has consequence on the availability of water resources, frequency of pest and diseases, and soil quality, leading to significant changes in the conditions for agriculture and livestock production. In extreme cases the degradation of agricultural ecosystems could mean desertification, resulting in a total loss of the productive capacity of the land in question. This is likely to increase the dependence on food importation and the number of people at risk of famine.
· Lengthening in Growing season:
· Changes in precipitation patterns
· More droughts
· Rise in Sea level from 1 to 4 feet by 2100
IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Climate change is perhaps the most serious environmental threat to the fight against hunger, malnutrition, disease and poverty in Africa, mainly through its impact on agricultural productivity.Arctic likely to become ice-free. Therefore, because there are so many impacts of climate change, scientists have broadly categorized them into three areas:
- Extreme climate and weather
- Altered ecosystems and habitats
- Risks to human health and society
- The increased evaporation of water due to increased temperature fuels storms and extreme weather events. In more naturally arid areas, droughts and wildfires intensify.
- The oceans are getting hotter, because they soak up 90% of the extra heat in the atmosphere. This causes the oceans to expand, and this also contributes to higher sea levels. Meanwhile, the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the ocean triggers a chemistry change that makes the water more acidic. The ocean is almost 40% more acidic than it used to be.2. This shift in water patterns then alters natural habitat.
- Trees that are weakened by prolonged drought have lower defense mechanisms. This cycle of warmer weather, weak trees and thriving insects is likely the culprit behind the massive die-off of 70,000 square miles of Rocky Mountain conifers.
What Is the Difference Between “Climate Change” and “Global Warming”?
“Global warming” refers to the long-term increase in Earth’s average temperature.
“Climate change” refers to any long-term change in Earth’s climate, or in the climate of a region or city. This includes warming, cooling and changes besides temperature.
What Is Being Done About Climate Change?
The United States and other countries are taking steps to limit or reduce greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These steps include using energy more efficiently and using more clean energy. Clean energy is energy that puts less or no greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The sun, wind and water are sources of clean energy.
Many nations, states and communities are planning for climate change impacts that may be unavoidable. For example, some coastal areas are planning for flooding and land loss that may result from rising sea levels.
A CALL TO ACTION! WHAT YOU CAN DO AND MUST DO TO REDUCE FURTHER DAMAGES
You can help by using less energy and water. For example, turn off lights and TVs when you leave a room. And turn off the water when brushing your teeth. You can help by planting trees, which absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Another way to help is by learning about Earth and its climate. The more you know about how Earth’s climate works, the more you’ll be able to help solve problems related to climate change.
Though you might feel like your lifestyle is insignificant compared to things like oil extraction or vehicle emissions, the choices we make in our day-to-day life — how we get around, what we eat, how we live — play a major role in slowing climate change.
Here’s a list of 10 ways you can join in the fight to reduce our carbon footprint:
1. Get involved
Pass this message to friends, leaders and community stakeholders around. Remind them that reducing greenhouse gas emissions will also build healthier communities, spur economic innovation and create new jobs.
2. Be energy efficient
You already switch off lights — what’s next? Change light bulbs to compact fluorescents or LEDs. Unplug computers, TVs and other electronics when not in use. Wash clothes in cold or warm (not hot) water. Look for the Energy Star® label when buying new appliances. And a home energy audit is cheaper than you think — book one today to find even more ways to save energy
3. Eat wisely
Buy organic and locally grown foods. Avoid processed items. Grow some of your own food. And eat low on the food chain — at least one meat-free meal a day — since 18 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions come from meat and dairy production. “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.”
4. Trim your waste
Keep stuff out of landfills by composting kitchen scraps and garden trimmings, and recycling paper, plastic, metal and glass. Let store managers and manufacturers know you want products with minimal or recyclable packaging.
5. Let polluters pay
Carbon taxes make polluting activities more expensive and green solutions more affordable, allowing energy-efficient businesses and households to save money. They are one of the most effective ways to reduce Canada’s climate impact. If your province doesn’t have a carbon tax, ask your Local Government area.
6. Use Less of Fossil Fuel
Air travel leaves behind a huge carbon footprint. Before you book your next airline ticket, consider greener options such as buses or trains, or try vacationing closer to home. You can also stay in touch with people by videoconferencing, which saves time as well as travel and accommodation costs.
7. Get informed
Look out for what you can do in your immediate environment. Encourage relations, and neighbors to plant more trees. Each of us must have at least 2 moringa, mango, teak and gmelina trees around our houses.
9. Green your commute
Transportation causes about 25 per cent of the World’s greenhouse gas emissions, so walk, and cycle or takes transit whenever you can. You’ll save money and get into better shape! If you can’t go car-free, try carpooling or car sharing, and use the smallest, most fuel-efficient vehicle possible. Discourage use of fossil fuel.
10. Support and Donate
Many organizations, including the United Nations, under the small Grant Funding is supporting the government and Civil Society Organizations to make interventions at local levels to effect change. Lifebuilders is working hard on solutions to climate change and rely on financial support from citizens like you. Consider making a donation today to support the green energy production efforts of Lifebuilders bio-gel production using the moringa plant.
- Create AwarenessTell others in your community- School, church, mosque and neighborhood.
- Clean Up: Pick up the used water nylons and plastic wastes in your neighborhood, eat more food in green leaves wrapper, e.g. moin-moin, amala etc; discourage use of nylon bag for wrapping food. Think out creative ways to make food packs from natural products, e.g. use bannna fibre to weave shopping baskets.
Credit: Adapted from ICPC Canada materials by LIFEBUILDERS for public education on climate change. With funding support from UNDP GEF Small Grant Program.